Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) generate and supplies electric power to Karachi,a
metroplis with a population of over 17 million and one of the most populous cities in the world.
Karachi is also the financial capital and the industrial hub of Pakistan and by efficiently providing electricity, KESC ensures the engines of the country's economy continue running.
KESC is one of the city's largest employers: around 11,600 people currently work for the company. It is also one of the oldest companies in Karachi and was established in the city even before the creation of Pakistan in 1947. Incorporated on September 13, 1913 , under the Indian Companies Act of 1882, the company was nationalised in 1952 but was re-privatised on November 29, 2005. KESC came under new management in September, 2008; a significant number of professional managers with experience in running utility and other large companies have joined under this management and will be running it until the company is turned into a best practice utility. KESC is listed on all three of Pakistan's stock exchanges: the Karachi Stock Exchange, the Lahore Stock Exchange and the Islamabad Stock Exchange.
KESC Currently provide electricity to over 2.2 million consumers,not only in karachi but also in the town of Dhabeji & Gharo in the province of Sindh and Hub,Uthal,Vindhar and Bela in the adjacent province of Baluchistan.
At present, KESC is the only vertically-integrated power utility in Pakistan and manages the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. KESC covers a vast area of 6,000 square kilometers and supplies electricity to all the industrial, commercial, agricultural and residential areas that fall under its network.
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Ltd (PTCL)
From the of beginning Posts & Telegraph Department in 1947 and establishment of Pakistan Telephone & Telegraph Department in 1962, PTCL has been a major player in telecommunication in Pakistan. Despite having established a network of enormous size, PTCL workings and policies have attracted regular criticism from other smaller operators and the civil society of Pakistan.
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) is a mega corporation and a leading telecommunication authority in the State of Pakistan. The corporation provides and enforces policies for the telephonic services nation-wide and is the backbone for country's telecommunication infrastructure despite arrival of a dozen other telecommunication corporations, including Telenor Corps and China Mobile Ltd. The corporation managed and operates around ~2000 telephone exchanges across the country, providing the largest fixed line network. Data and backbone services such as GSM, CDMA, Broadband Internet, IPTV, wholesale are an increasing part of its business.
Pakistan Railways is a national state-owned rail transport service of Pakistan, head-quartered in Lahore. It is administered by the federal government under the Ministry of Railways. Pakistan Railway provides an important mode of transportation throughout Pakistan. It is commonly referred to as the "life line of the country", by aiding in large-scale movement of people and freight throughout Pakistan.
Pakistan, despite its moderate size, has a largely dysfunctional railway system. As of mid-2011, it was decided to stop all goods train haulage due to severe shortage of locomotives and fuel. The financially bankrupt organization, despite bailouts, has not been able to emerge out of its troubles leading to cancellation of as many as 115 railway services. The decision has left ordinary Pakistanis at the mercy of bus operators for long distance travel. As of 2011, the PR network cancelled many trains and AC services in many trains were stopped. On 29 December 2011, PR restored freight train service from Karachi to upcountry.
PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (WAPDA)
The Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) is a government-owned public utility maintaining power and water in Pakistan, although it does not manage thermal power. WAPDA includes Tarbela and Mangla dams among its resources. Its headquarters are in Lahore. WAPDA was established in February 1959 to unify the maintenance of infrastructure previously overseen by provincial agencies. Its Chairmen included outstanding civil servants like Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Ghulam Faruque and Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi who were subsequently President of Pakistan, Minister for Commerce and Economic Adviser, respectively. In October 2007, thermal power management was split into the newly formed Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO).